What is CMR?

CMR document explainedIf you are shipping goods by road, the CMR note is going to be incredibly important. On this page, we are going to take a little look at what the CMR note actually is and why you need one.

The CMR note is going to contain details of the consignment. It will also outline the contract that you have with the shipping agent. It will provide confirmation that the company which is shipping your goods actually have them in their possession. It will detail where the goods are going to. It will, basically, confirm that the goods are going to get there and what the liabilities are if the goods do not arrive.

It is worth noting that a CMR, unlike some other notes used in transportation of goods, is not a declaration that title of the goods has passed onto the shipping company. Some places may, however, regard it as so. It simply means that the goods are in the possession of the courier. The title will remain with either the sender or the receiver of the goods.

In most cases, you should be able to fill in the CMR note on your own. It is going to be very basic information. Some people will, however, ask their freight forwarder to do it for them. It is, however, worth noting that the freight forwarder is not responsible for the accuracy of the information. You will still need to check it over if a third party fills it in. It will, otherwise, be your responsibility should any issues be found.

The CMR will contain the following information:

  • Details of when the CMR note was filled in. This will include the location and the time and date.
  • Who is sending the goods. This will include their name and address. It may also contain a few additional contact details. It will also include details of the carrier and who is receiving the goods, referred to as consignee.
  • The CMR will contain a brief description of the goods. You do not have to be that specific here. After all, you do not want some people to know that valuable goods are in transportation. You will, however, need to identify the type of packaging that you have used. The weight will also need to be included.
  • You will need to include details of any charges that may be applicable to the goods. This can include, but is not limited to, custom duties and how much you are paying for carriage.
  • If there are any dangerous items inside of the packaging, you need to highlight them. You will also need to mention anything that customs will need to know i.e. the value of the goods and what is inside of the packaging. You will not need to include the latter if the goods are being shipped within the European Union or if they are staying within the United Kingdom.

Four copies of the CMR will need to be produced.