The vast majority of goods transferred overseas by aircraft will not actually be sent on a specialised air carrier. It will, instead be carried in the hold of a passenger aircraft. Many airlines will use this as a method of making a little bit of extra money on their routes. The restrictions on what can be carried on passenger aircraft is very strict, however. After all, there will be other passenger’s baggage there. This means that, in many cases, a person may be waiting around a longer amount of time for their goods to be loaded onto the aircraft and sent out. The most flown routes in the world tend to have dedicated cargo flights operating on a regular basis. If your goods are being sent to a major hub, they will most likely be loaded onto one of these planes.
Goods will only be sent airport to airport. This will be the extent of the contract. After that, the goods will need to take another method to get to their final destination. The cargo will often be processed by a freight forwarder. It will then be taken to the cargo terminal at the airport and prepared for departure. It is the job of the cargo operators to ensure that these goods are loaded onto the correct aircraft and stay safe at all times.
If your goods are going to be sent via passenger plane, there may be some restrictions. Passenger planes need to have their weight and fuel consumption carefully planned well in advance. They can, from time to time, allow goods to be shipped last minute on these planes. However, there may be an issue from time to time which puts the aircraft over its weight limit. In those cases, the goods will need to be offloaded and will need to wait for the next available flight.
As you can probably guess, air transportation is one of the most expensive methods for moving goods internationally. It is, however, one of the cheapest and more cost-effective methods for sending goods overseas, particularly when you are sending smaller shipments.
The cost of your airfreight will be charged by either the volume of the box or the weight of the box. This means that even if your box is really light, you will pay a little bit extra for it if it is taking up a fairly large amount of space on the aircraft.
There may be additional freight costs which need to be covered too. If you are exporting goods, you will need to pay for the goods to be handled at the airport terminal. You may also need to pay fuel fees. In addition to this, you will need to fill out forms for customs, pay for security screening, and you will need to pay for insurance on top of all of this. In some cases, particularly if you are receiving goods via air freight, you may also need to pay VAT on that you are receiving.